Iran-U.S. relations: A brief history | CTV News
Iran's agreement with six world powers over its nuclear program comes after decades of difficult ties between Washington and Tehran. Relations between the US and Iran following the Iranian revolution have Here is a timeline of tensions between Tehran and Washington. Iran and the United States have had no formal diplomatic relations since Pakistan serves . The friendly relations between the United States and Iran lasted until the .. On January 20, , the date the treaty was signed, the hostages were . According to the History Channel, the medal citation noted his ability to.
The US severs diplomatic ties and imposes sanctions on Iran. In a war that would last for the next eight years, Western-backed Iraq invades Iran. The last 52 hostages are freed a few hours after Jimmy Carter, the then US president, leaves office. They were held for days.
These illegal funds are used to help Nicaraguan rebels. This comes to be known as the Iran-Contra scandal. This follows an incident a month earlier when the same cruiser opened fire on Iranian small boats searching a bulk carrier. Iran remains neutral during the Gulf War.
Timeline: Iran-US relations | News | Al Jazeera
Oil and trade sanctions are imposed on Iran by Bill Clinton, the then US president, after he accuses Tehran of sponsoring terrorism and seeking to acquire weapons of mass destruction.
Mohammed Khatami is elected president of Iran. He calls for dialogue with the American people in an interview on US network television.
Clinton extends sanctions on US oil contracts with Iran after Iranian reformists win in the general election. Madeleine Albright, the then US secretary of state, meets with Kamal Kharrazi, the then Iranian foreign minister, at the UN for the first such talks since the Iranian revolution in The US accuses Iran of being directly involved in the bombing of an American military base in Saudi Arabia, evoking an angry rejection of the charges by Tehran.
Iran's first nuclear reactor at Bushehr begins construction with the help of Russian technicians, prompting strong objections from the US. The US accuses Iran of a clandestine nuclear weapons programme with two nuclear sites under construction at Natanz and Arak. The International Atomic Energy Agency IAEA concludes that the nuclear sites at Natanz and Arak are indeed under construction but designed solely to provide fuel for future power plants. Iran agrees to tougher UN inspections of its nuclear facilities and to suspend its uranium enrichment.
The IAEA reports that Iran admitted to producing plutonium but cites no evidence of trying to build a nuclear bomb.
Iran–United States relations
After earthquakes kill up to 50, people in the Iranian city of Bam the US sends humanitarian aid to help. Iran agrees to a European offer stipulating that Iran suspend its uranium enrichment in exchange for trade concessions.
The shah returns from a brief exile and resumes control.
Iranians come to revile the agency for its repression. Iran's oil exports expand and the economy expands. The shah recognizes Israel and becomes a dominant figure in the Middle East. Some tensions persist, however. Iran refuses to help the U. Toward the end of the shah's reign, the U. Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini returns from exile, seizes power and declares the U. Fifty-two Americans are held for days.
An American rescue operation ends in disaster. Washington freezes billions of dollars in Iranian assets stored in the United States. The shah goes to Panama in December and dies in Egypt on July 27, The Iranian government kills thousands of political opponents at home and assassinates several high-profile figures abroad.
It gets involved in Lebanon's civil war, providing support to Hezbollah. The new Shiite militant group is blamed for the bombings of the U. Embassy in Beirut and of the Beirut barracks of the U. Marine Corps; the two bombings killed more than Americans. Iran places underwater mines in the strategic Persian Gulf.
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The two countries approach outright war. Bush and other VIPs wait to welcome the former hostages to Iran home On 4 Novemberthe revolutionary group Muslim Student Followers of the Imam's Lineangered that the recently deposed Shah had been allowed into the United States, occupied the American embassy in Tehran and took American diplomats hostage.
The 52 American diplomats were held hostage for days. In Iran, the incident was seen by many as a blow against American influence in Iran and the liberal-moderate interim government of Prime Minister Mehdi Bazarganwho opposed the hostage taking and resigned soon after.
Some Iranians were concerned that the United States may have been plotting another coup against their country in from the American embassy. The crisis ended with the signing of the Algiers Accords in Algeria on January 19, On January 20,the date the treaty was signed, the hostages were released.
American contact with Iran through The Hague covers only legal matters. The crisis led to lasting economic and diplomatic damage.
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On 7 AprilCarter severed diplomatic relations between Iran and the United States and they have been frozen ever since. Instead, parts of the embassy complex were turned into an anti-American museum, while other parts became offices for student organizations. However, Iran later chose Pakistan to be its protecting power in the United States. Economic consequences of the Iran hostage crisis[ edit ] See also: Sanctions against Iran Families wait for the former hostages to disembark the plane.
Before the Revolution, the United States was Iran's foremost economic and military partner. This facilitated the modernization of Iran's infrastructure and industry, with as many as 30, American expatriates residing in the country in a technical, consulting, or teaching capacity. Some analysts argue that the transformation may have been too rapid, fueling unrest and discontent among an important part of the population in the country and leading to the Revolution in According to American officials, most of those were released in as part of the deal to release the hostages.
Commercial relations between Iran and the United States are restricted by American sanctions and consist mainly of Iranian purchases of food, spare parts, and medical products as well as American purchases of carpets and food.
Sanctions originally imposed in by President Bill Clinton were renewed by President Bush, who cited the "unusual and extraordinary threat" to American national security posed by Iran. The executive orders prohibit American companies and their foreign subsidiaries from conducting business with Iran, while banning any "contract for the financing of the development of petroleum resources located in Iran".
BBC NEWS | Middle East | Timeline: US-Iran ties
The ILSA was renewed for five more years in Congressional bills signed in extended and added provisions to the act; on September 30,the act was renamed the Iran Sanctions Act ISAas it no longer applied to Libya, and extended until December 31, Reagan administration[ edit ] See also: United States support for Iraq during the Iran—Iraq war American intelligence and logistical support played a crucial role in arming Iraq in the Iran—Iraq Waralthough Bob Woodward states that the United States gave information to both sides, hoping "to engineer a stalemate".
Bush authorized the sale to Iraq of numerous dual-use items, including poisonous chemicals and deadly biological viruses, such as anthrax and bubonic plague. Hezbollah bombings[ edit ] The United States contends that Hezbollaha Shi'ite Islamist organization and client of Iran, has been involved in several anti-American terrorist attacks, including the April United States Embassy bombing which killed 17 Americans, the Beirut barracks bombing which killed US peace keepers in Lebanonand the Khobar Towers bombing.
An American district court judge ruled in that the April United States Embassy bombing was carried out with Iranian support. Lamberth declared that the Islamic Republic of Iran was responsible for the attack in a case brought by the victims' families. Lamberth concluded that Hezbollah was formed under the auspices of the Iranian government, was completely reliant on Iran inand assisted Iranian Ministry of Information and Security agents in carrying out the operation.